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Biofibre Hair Transplants: Everything You Need To Know

A Biofibre hair transplant is an innovative approach to the artificial hair transplant. It allows those who are not candidates for a natural hair transplant to undergo hair restoration.

People with conditions that make it impossible for a natural hair transplant, such as scarring alopecia and late stages of male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness, as well as victims of hair graft overharvesting, are possible candidates for this procedure, broadening the hair restoration process.

During the 70s/80s, the artificial transplant was a dangerous and controversial process, causing many problems and eventually being banned by the FDA. In 1995, the modern Biofibre procedure (developed in Italy) was certified and therefore recognised as a safe medical procedure, ensuring only qualified individuals could perform it [1].

There are a few factors that set the Biofibre procedure apart from other routes of treatment, such as preferred aesthetics, faster surgery, and no post-transplant downtime. The expertly designed fibres also offer a variety of hair types, from straight or wavy, to curly or afro transplants.

What is a Biofibre Hair Transplant?

Where a natural hair transplant extracts and transplants healthy hair follicles into the affected area of the scalp, a Biofibre hair transplant implants synthetic fibres (hairs) into the scalp. The result is immediate, allowing the individual to have control over their hair loss.

In this procedure there are two types of hair thickness to choose from. Biofibre 4.0 is the standard hair used for procedures, with 1,000 fibres being equivalent to 3,000 hairs. The high-density Medicap High Density (MHD) has three hairs implanted per follicle, allowing for a fuller appearance. MHD hairs are recommended to be used for crown hair transplants, while the standard Biofibre hairs are used to lower the hairline [2]. All Biofibre hairs are focused on medical use and have a safety grade of VI on the medical polymer scale, meaning they are completely safe and appropriate for hair restoration.

A Biofibre hair transplant uses hooked needles to implant the hairs, meaning there’s less post-transplant downtime. Biofibre hairs must be implanted deeper beneath the skin to prevent substantial shedding. There’s no follicle to root the hair in place. It takes around 20-30 days for the hairs to anchor. The process may need to be repeated every 5 weeks, in order to produce the desired amount, density, and length.

The procedure has a success rate of around 95-98%. However research has shown that 2% of cases resulted in the extraction of fibres due to hair transplant infection [3]. Biofibre hairs are synthetic, so the body may reject the implants. For this reason, it is essential to have a tolerance test performed before the procedure to ensure that it is safe for the patient to undergo the surgery.

What does Biofibre hair look like?

Biofibre hair comes in a range of lengths from 15cm to 45cm, and 13 colours. The fibres won’t lose their colour or go grey like natural hair. This can be a good thing if you’re completely bald and want a hair transplant. But most people retain at least some of their natural hair. So Biofibre hair can look unnatural as your existing hair ages. Biofibre hair shouldn’t be bleached or dyed, so it can be a challenge to keep your hair colour consistent as you get older.

biofibre hair implants - selection of hairs

Available Biofibre hair colours and textures

Biofibre hair transplants are only suitable for the head. Areas such as eyebrows, beards, and other body parts are not compatible with the procedure due to the sensitive nature of these areas. Learn more about beard transplants and eyebrow transplants.

How to maintain a Biofibre hair transplant

For a Biofibre hair transplant to go ahead, the patient must have generally good scalp health, and not have any autoimmune conditions, including alopecia areata. After the procedure, the patient must follow a strict aftercare routine, ensuring that good scalp care and hygiene is followed, and that there are no harsh manoeuvres on or around the scalp. A good surgeon will advise you on the best way to care for your hair, such as washing your hair after a transplant, and the hair transplant recovery timeline.

Though the Biofibre hair transplant is labelled as a transplant, it is actually an implant. This means it introduces foreign bodies into the scalp. Because of this, patients are usually prescribed a 7-day course of antibiotics to prevent infection.

A Biofibre hair transplant can last for around 7-8 years. The fibres shed at a rate of approximately 10% per year. You will need to undergo a yearly implant re-touch due to fibre loss.

If you wear a wig which covers areas of the scalp affected by hair loss, the wig must not cover any newly implanted areas. Covering the implanted area can lead to infection.

Biofibre vs natural hair

There are significant differences between natural hair and Biofibre hair. The most obvious is that Biofibre is synthetic and natural hairs are organic. Natural hairs are transplanted into the cutis, which is under the surface of the scalp; the natural hair relies on the root to anchor it. A Biofibre hair is implanted deeper, into the galea capitis layer of skin. This secures the fibre in the absence of the anchoring root.

If you’re wondering what sets Biofibre apart from natural hair, here is a brief list:

Natural hair:

  • Blends seamlessly into your existing hair
  • Naturally greys over time
  • Susceptible to thinning
  • Relies on a healthy donor area
  • Transplanted

Biofibre:

  • Durable
  • Does not turn grey or age
  • 3 hair textures and 13 hair colours to choose from
  • Fibres will shed over time
  • Needs strict maintenance
  • No donor area needed
  • Implanted

biofibre depth vs normal hair follicle

The difference between artificial (biocompatible) hair and natural hair

Pros and cons of Biofibre hair transplants

There are, of course, pros and cons to when it comes to the Biofibre hair transplant:

Pros:

  • Immediate results
  • No downtime required after the surgery
  • Natural result
  • No interference with day to day life
  • No signs of ageing in hair

Cons:

  • Can never be a perfect match to your natural hair
  • If you cut it, it won’t grow back
  • Cannot bleach or dye
  • Regular touch-ups needed to account for hair shedding
  • Strict aftercare and maintenance routine required.

See more hair restoration treatments

Experiencing hair loss can have a negative impact on your mental health. That’s why its important to address it with a professional. When you’ve ruled out any underlying conditions, you may decide that you want to begin your hair restoration journey.

At the Wimpole Clinic, we’ve been providing expert hair restoration services for over 45 years. From our trichology team to our specialist surgeons, we’re on hand to assist you with any enquiries, concerns, or simply to help guide you along the best path for your hair journey.

We offer a range of services, surgical and non-surgical, from FUE hair restoration and strip surgery transplants to alternative hair loss treatments. Book your free consultation with our team to find out more.

Biofibre Hair Transplants: Everything You Need To Know, Wimpole Clinic

Sources:

  1. Biofibre hair implant: What is new, what is true?
  2. Artificial Hair: Biofibre Materials
  3. Side Effects After Artificial Hair Implants: Discussion
The Wimpole Clinic offers FUE Hair, Beard & Eyebrow Transplants & Trichology.
Talk to a specialist ☎ 020 7935 1861.

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